Finnmark

Norsk Folkemuseum is re-erecting two Reconstruction Houses from Finnmark in the Open Air Museum.
In these buildings we will tell the story of World War II in Finnmark, of the forced evacuation and the scorching, of the return and the reconstruction after he war – and of every day life on the 1950s.

Opening May 10th 2019


Progress December 2018

  • Finnmark 1956. Desember 2018.
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    Finnmark 1956. Desember 2018. Espen Revold / Norsk Folkemuseum

At the end of World War II (1944-1945) the Germans used scorched earth tactics, and destroyed almost all buildings and all boats in Finnmark and Northern Troms. The population was evacuated. In the years following the liberation in 1945, the region was rebuilt and people returned. 

The extensive reconstruction of the region lasted until the early 1960s. This is an important, but little known part of Norwegian postwar history. The architecture of the region was completely changed during this period – a direct and concrete expression of the drama and the change the people themselves went through.

The Buildings

  • Bolighus fra Olderfjord, Porsanger
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    House from Olderfjord in Porsanger. Haakon Michael Harriss / Norsk Folkemuseum
  • Fjøs fra Indre Billefjord, Porsanger
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    Cowshed from Indre Billefjord in Porsanger. Haakon Michael Harris / Norsk Folkemuseum

In the house from Olderfjord we will tell the story of the Persen family who lived here in 1956. We will also tell about the rebuilding of Finnmark after World War II and daily life in the post war years.

In the cowshed from Indre Billefjord we will show an exhibition about the History of Finnmark, the German occupation 1940-45 and the evacuation andscorching of this part of Norway at the end of the war. There will also be an exhibition about the the coastal Sami and the people in Porsanger.

  • Familien Persen på 1930-tallet
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    The Persen family in front of a «gamme». Their pre-war house was close by. The daughter Else to the left, next to Ole Persen (drinking coffee). Elvira Persen is no. two from the right. Photo from the 1930s. Foto tilhører Arnfinn Arntsen.
  • Familien Arntsen på 1950-tallet
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    Else, now married to Herman Arntzen, with her husband and their son Arnfinn, in front of the reconstruction house in Olderfjord where they lived together three generations in the 1950s. Foto tilhører Arnfinn Arntsen.

Finnmark

  • Olderfjord i Porsanger
    Olderfjord in Porsanger Haakon Harris / Norsk Folkemuseum

Finnmark is Norway's largest and northernmost county and constitutes one sixth of mainland Norway, with an area of over 48 000 km². Finnmark borders the Arctic Ocean in the north, towards Troms (Kvænangen) in the west, Finland in the south and Russia in the east. The largest cities are Alta and Hammerfest in the west and Vadsø and Kirkenes in the east

An Article by Inger Jensen

Project Managment

  • Birte Sandvik og Espen Revold.
    Birte Sandvik and Espen Revold. Haakon Harriss / Norsk Folkemuseum

Espen Revold

Project Manager Building

Birte Sandvik

Project Manager Interiors and Exhibition 

The Project Team

Morten Bing, Cultural History Section
Anne Marie Svebak Grimstad, Education Section
Alexander Lindbäck, Departement of Archives
Jan Petter Brennsund, Department of Preservation

The Exhibition Team

Mette Opsal and Cecilie Thue

Artifact registration

Hanne Simonsen

From the Building Preservation Section:

Einar Haugen, Lars Lunde, Alexander Myrseth and John Wennberg

From the Department of Agricultur

Jan Tore Sørsdal, Gard Anstensrud and Stein Sunde

  • The Exhibition will be texted in Norwegian, Sami, Kven and English.
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    The Exhibition will be texted in Norwegian, Sami, Kven and English.